How to Wash Your Face

Knowing Your Skin Type is Key to Healthy, Glowing Skin

Before using any skincare products it’s crucial to know your skin type.  This is the first step in figuring out what your skin care regimen will be and understanding the true condition of your skin.

Without knowing this, caring for your skin will be next to impossible.  And likewise, using the wrong skincare products will cause problems figuring out your true skin type.  So put that moisturizer down and pull out your mirror because skincare class is in session!

Understanding Skin Type

Your skin type is determined by how your skin looks and feels.  The 4 possible skin types you may be are normal, dry, oily, and combination.  Some consider sensitive skin to be a skin type, but everyone is susceptible to sensitive skin depending on environmental factors or damage caused to the skin.

You generally don’t have control over your skin type as things like genetics and hormones play a huge role in how your skin naturally functions.  However, things like medications, diet, and irritating skincare products can all wreak havoc on your skin and cause other skin conditions which will have you misreading your skin type.

How to Determine Your Skin Type

Wash your face with a gentle water-based cleanser that won’t strip the skin of moisture.  Dermalogica’s Special Cleansing Gel is perfect to use for this test as it’s great for all skin types and will keep the skin hydrated while cleansing.

After cleansing, feel free to use an alcohol-free toner, but keep your skin clear of any other products for the next 2 hours.  This helps you see your skin’s true condition.

At the end of the 2 hours, analyze your skin in the mirror.  What do you see?

The 4 Types and Their Traits

Determine Your Skin Type Infographic

Normal: Your skin feels supple and hydrated.  No tightness or slick feeling.  You have a smooth texture and even skin tone.  Redness and flaking aren’t a concern of yours.  You also don’t have excessively oily areas, although your t-zone may have some oil and blackheads.  Your pores are small overall, but the t-zone pores may appear a bit larger than the rest.  Your cheeks maybe slightly drier than the rest of your face, but not enough to be concerned.  Oil and water levels in your skin are balanced.

Dry:  Your skin tends to feel tight after cleansing.  You may notice redness in your cheeks and flaky skin.  Your skin appears dull and dry, and fine lines may have already started to set in.  You may have some sensitivity.  Your skin doesn’t produce enough oil to protect the skin.

Combination:  Combination skin is a mixture of dry and oily skin.  Your t-zone (chin, nose, and forehead areas) looks shiny and feels greasier than the rest of your face due to excess oil.  You also have large pores in your t-zone.  You may notice redness in your cheeks due to dryness and dehydration.  Your skin will need different care in different areas.

Oily:  Your skin has a shine to it and feels greasy all over due to excess oil production.  Especially in the t-zone.  Your pores are larger in size and pretty visible.  You experience frequent breakouts and blackheads, but you don’t see any fine lines or wrinkles.  Your skin is also most likely dehydrated.  You need products that control excess oil and hydrate the skin.

Skincare Products

Once you know your skin type, it’s time to create your skincare regimen!  The two things to keep in mind when shopping for new products are quality and the type of skin a product is formulated for.  You need to use products made for your skin type and that don’t contain harsh ingredients not recommended for any skin type.

Now that you know your skin type, you can see what skin conditions you may have, and make smart decisions when you go to purchase new skincare products!

What’s one thing you wish you could change about your skin?  Let me know below!

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